In doing a quick Google search for English Springer Spaniels breeders in Ontario, many "breeders" listed would be classified as Backyard breeders.
We simply refer to them as "greeders"
So what makes a good breeder versus a bad breeder one might ask?
A good breeder puts great emphasis on health testing. It is crucial that our dogs be tested via OFA or PennHip for at the very least - Hip and Elbow Dysplacia.
Results for these tests can - and should - be posted on the OFA database and/or be provided to potential puppy buyers when asked.
Eyes should be CERF tested at 8 weeks of age and then dogs kept in a breeding program should continue with yearly eye exams to rule out any eye issues that may come forward.
Something new that good breeders are starting to test is our dogs hearts. Its common in a lot of breeds and as a rule, we want to make sure that we are doing our best to produce puppies that are genetically cleared of anything that may affect your dogs quality of life.
A bad breeder does not emphasize on proper health testing. They do not follow proper protocol and do not do the necessary testing to be able to guarantee you'll have a healthy pet.
They may tell you that your puppy's parents have been hip checked by vet and are "good" but even if their vet has checked, they are not certified to give proper grading.
Eye checks are not completed - ever.
Click on the OFA Link above to see if your breeder has submitted Films and Genetic testing results to better the breed.
You can simply type in the Registered Name of the Sire and Dam and see if the OFA has record of their testing.
Unfortunately, a Regular Vet telling someone their dogs Xray Films are good isn't quite good enough!
I have listed Gensol above as well. PRA testing should at the very least be sent to a qualified Laboratory for testing. It is a simple cheek swab and can be tested at a very reasonable price !
Epilepsy has been a big issue in English Springer Spaniels in the past and is still an issue in some less-than-stellar pedigrees today!
Good breeders risked all and came forward with issues they had with their lines and with that information, those who cared to improve the breed as a whole worked tirelessly to remove dogs from programs that were affected or producing affected dogs.
With that being said, there are still backyard breeders out there knowingly producing puppies from lines with epilepsy running rampant through. These same breeders have the nerve to "guarantee" the puppies they sell but when epilepsy rears its ugly head - which generally happens at maturity (age 2) - they inform you that it only covers your beloved dog if they lose their battle to it. Which means you are now dealing with the emotions of a dog that seizes. Not knowing when it will happen, the severity, the clusters and whether or not your pet will come out of the next one alive.
And when they say they "guarantee" your pet, what that means is that you get to take your chances on a REPLACEMENT PUPPY. It's been described to me as a feeling like your pulling from a "Puppy Lottery", from the same place you got your first hot mess that cost you tens of thousands of dollars on keeping it alive and cared for.
I've included a link below of what a seizure looks like in dogs - Beware, it's not easy to watch!
Remember, that cost saving puppy you purchase may end up costing you a whole lot more than the puppy you could purchase from a breeder who truly cares about what we're producing, not the income generated ignoring the risks associated!
Cancer is such an ugly word. Its a dreaded word. Its often referred to as the "C" word because talking about it brings so much pain and suffering.
Breeders need to be aware of what they are producing. They need to keep in touch with puppy owners and when situations arise with young dogs consistently, they need to recognize that there is a problem and acknowledge it instead of blocking it out.
Cancer happens, absolutely. However, if you are producing dogs that are ending up with cancer by the age of 2, you have yourself a problem.
Mammary cancer on a not yet 2 year old female by a breeder near Sarnia.
Before and After surgery.
Photo provided by owner.
Good breeders understand the importance of a solid temperament on the puppies they're producing to send out into the world. And they truly care!
We want our dogs to flourish in their respective homes. We want them to co-exist with their humans happily, as well as with other pets in the home and people that come to visit.
We understand that some pedigrees work well together and we study and ask questions. We talk to other quality breeders and know what we have in our own homes.
Bad breeders don't care. It's all about the almighty dollar and at the end of the day, the puppy you take home is not their problem any longer. 8 weeks time is what those bad breeders put in and then after that, POOF. It's your fault when your dog decides one day that it doesn't enjoy your company. You're to blame when your dog decides that it doesn't like the other dogs in your home.
With all that being said, it is important to understand that there is a difference between TEMPERAMENT AND BEHAVIOURAL ISSUES
"You get what you pay for" is a term that needs to be reminded to those that think they're saving money when purchasing from a backyard breeder.
Sure, you can buy a puppy from a backyard breeder for the INITIAL LOW COST OF $750 +GST but what you don't realize is that dog is going to need to be seen much more frequently than a dog that you initially spend $1800 for.
For ALL of the reasons listed above!
And just to enlighten you on the +GST part of the cost in case you are not aware. GST is only charged when your breeder is making over $30000 in a year!
Those breeders are breeding for income. It is not a hobby for them, and they do not care about the breed standard set forth by the English Springer Spaniel Club of Canada, the English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Organization nor the FCI standard in Europe.
Advertising your puppies as CKC Registered and not providing papers to your owners is illegal in Canada.
It is a Federal Offence as the CKC is Governed by the Animal Pedigree Act.
I often hear people tell me that they do not care about papers. But what they don't realize is that your dog is so much more than the papers we provide to you.
Those papers provide you with ancestry knowledge, health and overall superior quality as compared to a backyard bred dog.
You may not care about the papers part of your dog, but those papers tell a story. A story that you may want to know. A story you may eventually want to share with people that are unaware.
Quotes from Real People who Regret their Backyard Breeder Purchase
"I know for a fact that they took back a puppy with hip dysplasia and used it for breeding. My dog died from hemolytic anemia at 7. Multiple others from that line head also died or been made I'll and they still continue to breed from the line. They over needed their dogs so instead of producing a few sick dogs there are dozens I have tried to open discussion and I get told to shut up so. .
I also got hit with the heart condition from the grain free and have tried to present the topic and again been shut down so ..."
"The reality is people think they are saving money buying from here. They are not even vet checked. Fur the extra they pay out in the beginning it would be well worth it for the vet check and insurance.... But nope let's just save a bit of money on it and see what happens"
"I’m still just waiting for the next one, but for now he’s doing well." Waiting for her dogs next grand mal seizure.
"They want us to have her referred to a specialist in Guelph they think it’s neurological. It’s very costly and I don’t think my husband is prepared to lay that kind of money out with no guarantee of outcome. As well the medication things are trial and error for brain disorders. There other recommendation was euthanasia and we are so upset."
"Without education they will single handedly destroy the breeds reputation"
"she’s a Red, it’s a color the AKC recognizes but the CKC hasn’t gotten that far yet, her great grandma was a Red from the states" As quoted by a breeder that claims her dogs are purebred and registered .
Ill follow that quote with a quote from the AKC breed standard
"Color: All the following combinations of colors and markings are equally acceptable:(1) Black or liver with white markings or predominantly white with black or liver markings; (2) Blue or liver roan; (3) Tricolor: black and white or liver and white with tan markings, usually found on eyebrows, cheeks, inside of ears and under the tail. Any white portion of the coat may be flecked with ticking. Off colors such as lemon, red or orange are not to place."
"Also you've been looking forward to getting your puppy so you over look how the dogs are matted and smelly"
"Mine even came with fleas"
"I’ve felt like this breeder was sketchy since I first brought W home only to have to deal with an infection within the first week. I checked my paper work and the health guarantee is that if they are diagnosed with epilepsy they will give you a new puppy. Like who wants to trade their family member for a new friggin puppy."